Computer-Assisted Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (1)

Neurology consultations

Like most branches of medicine, mental health requires a multidisciplinary approach to provide effective, comprehensive and personalised patient care.

Neurology and psychiatry are two areas of medicine which, although different in approach, have a deep and essential interconnection. Neurology focuses on the study of the nervous system, while psychiatry deals with aspects of the mental and emotional state.

Neurologist / Neurology

A neurologist is a medical specialist who diagnoses, treats and monitors disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system (brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves). Neurological diseases are diseases of the brain, spinal cord and nerves, the systems that control all body functions. Thus, a dysfunction of the nervous system can cause a wide range of symptoms: from mood swings to motor problems, memory, sensory, swallowing or learning disorders. Neurology is the branch of medicine that deals with identifying and treating disorders of the nervous system. This system, considered by experts to be the most complex in the human body, is made up of a network of nerves and specialised communication cells called neurons. 🧠 The brain is home to a hundred billion neurons capable of generating impulses, as well as receiving and transmitting impulses from neighbouring cells.

Neurology deals with the study of the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous system. It also involves the study of structural and functional disorders of the nervous system, from congenital malformations to neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.

When do we call the neurologist?

Among the conditions a neurologist can diagnose and treat are:

  • headaches: migraine, trigeminal neuralgia, tension headaches, cluster headaches;
  • tremor or other involuntary movements;
  • damage to the peripheral nervous system: lumbar neuralgia or sciatica, diabetic neuropathies, alcoholic neuropathies, lesions of the nerve plexuses or peripheral nerves, carpal tunnel syndrome,
  • neurodegenerative diseases: Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington’s chorea, Friedreich’s ataxia;
  • epilepsy;
  • stroke or cerebral haemorrhage;
  • the after-effects of cerebral palsy;
  • sleep disorders;
  • demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis or neuromyelitis optica;
  • neuromuscular disorders: Duchenne dystrophy, Becker muscular dystrophy;
  • neuromuscular junction disorders: myasthenia gravis.

The most common signs and symptoms that bring the patient to the neurologist are:

  • headache
  • back pain
  • tremor
  • numbness and tingling in the hands or feet
  • dizziness
  • gait or balance disorders
  • muscle weakness
  • epileptic seizures
  • memory disorders
  • sleep disorders

How does a consultation with the neurologist go?

Examination by the neurologist includes a detailed history of the symptoms that brought the patient to the consultation, other medical conditions present in the patient or other family members, risk factors and current medications used, as well as a complete neurological examination in which the cranial nerves, gait, movement of body segments, muscle tone, coordination, osteotendinous and skin reflexes, skin, thermal and vibratory sensitivity, presence or absence of sphincter disorders, appearance and mobility of muscles and joints, mental status.

Depending on the symptoms and signs observed, the neurologist may need to further investigation to establish an accurate diagnosis, including: blood or urine tests, imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, nuclear magnetic resonance, or neurophysiology studies such as electroencephalography, nerve conduction studies and electromyography, auditory or visual evoked potentials.

Neurology Appointment Form

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Neurology and psychiatry

Neurology and psychiatry are two areas of medicine which, although different in approach, have a deep and essential interconnection. Neurology focuses on the study of the nervous system, while psychiatry deals with aspects of the individual’s mental and emotional state. This interdependence reflects the complexity and unity of the human body, highlighting how proper functioning of the nervous system is essential for mental health and vice versa.

Neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy or multiple sclerosis can have a significant impact on an individual’s psychological state, often associated with depression and anxiety. Patients with neurological conditions involving chronic pain, often seen in migraines and neuropathies (disorders of the nervous system) can also develop similar disorders.

The role of neurotransmitters in mental health

Serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine are essential for regulating mood and emotions. Their imbalances may be involved in the causation of neurological as well as psychiatric pathologies.

Drugs used to treat neurological conditions can also have side effects that affect mental health. It is essential for doctors to take these issues into account when managing patients.

Chronic stress can contribute to inflammation in the central nervous system and may play a role in the development of neurological diseases. Poor mental health can thus negatively influence the health of the nervous system.

Psychosomatic feedback

Thoughts and emotions can affect the functioning of the nervous system through psychosomatic connections, and prolonged anxiety can contribute to muscle tension and migraines.

The complex interaction between neurology and mental health underlines the need for an integrated approach to patient care. Understanding the connections between these two areas allows health professionals to provide more effective and personalised treatments. Promoting mental health and the proper management of neurological conditions are thus essential to maintaining an optimal balance of mental and neurological functioning.

Multidisciplinary assessment – neurologist, psychiatrist, psychologist

In complex cases, neurologists, psychiatrists and psychologists can work together to perform a comprehensive assessment and develop an integrated treatment plan. Open communication and collaboration between these specialties helps to improve the quality of care and address neurological and mental health issues. Professionals in these fields can collaborate to provide educational information to patients and the public on the prevention of neurological and mental disorders. Preventive approaches can reduce the impact of neurological and mental disorders and improve patients’ quality of life.

Effective collaboration between neurologists, psychiatrists and psychologists is essential for comprehensively addressing patients’ needs and promoting mental and neurological health.

Mental disorders occur at a very high rate in neurological disorders and affect a large part of the entire population of the world. To date, 14 types of major neurological disorders are known, with a clinical picture similar to that of psychiatric diseases and disorders, which occur as a result of damage to the human brain or as a result of the evolution of neurological diseases.

Appointments in IAȘI:

0747 202 212 / 0332 505 114

Appointments in TIMIȘOARA:

0754 431 431 / 0356 800 300

Contact Iași:

Str. Străpungere Silvestru nr. 60, bl. CL11, sc. B, ground floor, Iași, county: Iași

Contact Belcești:

com. Belcești, B entrance, Bl. 4, county: Iași

Contact Timișoara:

Str. Simion Bărnuțiu nr. 34, Timișoara, county: Timiș

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